Cylindrical Joint (/CYL_JOINT)

A cylindrical joint is like a rigid body, except that one specific direction is defined with the first two secondary nodes. All nodes are free to move along this direction and to rotate around it.

A kinetic condition is applied on all secondary nodes, including the first two defining the privileged direction No main node is used.

Figure 1. Cylindrical Joint
If all the secondary nodes are initially aligned, they will always remain aligned. As visualized in Figure 1, the rotation freedom is a local rotation for each node and not a global rotation around axis 1-2. Therefore, it is recommended to use a cylindrical joint with aligned nodes.

Figure 2. Door Hinge Example
Figure 2 shows how a hinge could be modeled using a cylindrical joint. The cylindrical joint is made of nodes 2, 5, 3 and 4. Note that in hinge modeling nodes must be aligned to get a realistic rotation, then beams or any other finite elements are used to connect nodes 1-2, 2-5, 4-3 and nodes 3-6. Finally, it is possible to link nodes 2-3 with a nonlinear elastic spring to improve the connection.

Figure 3. Hinge Modelization