# AutoBumpStop

The AutoBumpStop entity limits suspension travel in bump (also known as jounce). When the distance between two bodies becomes small, the AutoBumpStop applies a force to push the bodies apart.

The AutoBumpStop entity force verses deflection tables are stored in an ADAMS/Car™ compatible property file. You must select a AutoBumpStop property file to determine the AutoBumpStop properties. Example property files are provided in the MotionView installation at:

$(ALTAIR_HOME)\hw\mdl\autoentities\properties\Bumpers-Jounce ## AutoBumpStop Force The AutoBumpStop force can be a linear or non linear type and is computed from the force deflection table from the property file. The force contains two components: • Elastic force or stiffness • Viscous force or damping For a linear AutoBumpStop, the elastic force component is calculated using a third order polynomial, and for a non-linear AutoBumpStop the elastic force component is interpolated using the Akima method. The viscous force component, when defined in the property file, is calculated directly from the damping rate in the property file and resultant instantaneous velocity between the two bodies. ## Install Methods The AutoBumpStop install method is at design position and is used to determine the distance at which the AutoBumpStop force starts acting. There are two install methods available. Impact Length Method When the impact length is of value ‘L’, the AutoBumpStop force acts when the distance between the two bodies is less than ‘L’. When the Impact Length install method is used, its value is directly used to activate the AutoBumpStop force between the two bodies. Clearance Method When the Clearance method is used, the impact distance is calculated using: (1) $D=dL-clearance\text{\hspace{0.17em}}value$ Where(2) $dL=\sqrt{\left({\left({X}_{point2}-{X}_{point1}\right)}^{2}+{\left({Y}_{point2}-{Y}_{point1}\right)}^{2}+{\left({Z}_{point2}-{Z}_{point1}\right)}^{2}\right)}$ ## Connecting an AutoBumpStop Connections define the two bodies between which the BumpStop force acts and two points which are used to calculate the impact distance. The BumpStop force is activated when the distance between the bodies is less than a specified length. This distance is calculated based on the selected installation method. 1. From the Connectivity tab, select the first body to connect. • Click Body 1 and select a body from the modeling window. • Double click Body 1 and select the required body from the dialog. 2. Similarly, select the second body to connect by clicking the Body 2 input collector. 3. Select the first point. 4. Similarly, select the second point by clicking the Point 2 input collector. 5. If desired, check the Output box to add an output request for the BumpStop resultant displacement, resultant velocity, and resultant force. The resultant displacement and velocity is measured between Point 1 and Point 2 and the resultant force is measured between Body 1 and Body 2. ## AutoBumpStop Output Channels Activating the Output check box adds an output request for the BumpStop resultant displacement, resultant velocity, and resultant force. The resultant displacement and velocity is measured between Point 1 and Point 2 and the resultant force is measured between Body 1 and Body 2. The output channels in the MotionSolve .mrf file are summarized below: Table 1. Type Component Quantity REQSUB RESULT(2) Distance between Point 1 and Point 2 on the AutoBumpStop. RESULT(3) Rate-of-change-of-displacement between Point 1 and Point 2. RESULT(4) AutoBumpStop force. RESULT(6) Global X direction cosine of AutoBumpStop. RESULT(7) Global Y direction cosine of AutoBumpStop. RESULT(8) Global Z direction cosine of AutoBumpStop. ## AutoBumpStop Property File Example The AutoBumpStop properties are stored in a AutoBumpStop Property File Example text file. When you resolve the property file field to a AutoBumpStop property file and submit the model to the solver, the solver reads the AutoBumpStop property file for use during simulation. If the units in the property file differ from the model units, the solver internally converts the AutoBumpStop properties to the model units. The properties file remains unchanged. The AutoBumpStop properties file contains header, units, and curve blocks. The units block specifies the length, mass, force, time, and angle units employed in the file. The curve block holds a table of displacement against force values for the elastic force component and optionally a velocity against force values for the viscous force component. $--------------------------------------------------------------------HEADER
FILE_TYPE     =  'bum'
FILE_VERSION  =  4.0
FILE_FORMAT   =  'ASCII'$---------------------------------------------------------------------UNITS [UNITS] LENGTH = 'mm' ANGLE = 'degrees' FORCE = 'newton' MASS = 'kg' TIME = 'second'$---------------------------------------------------------------------CURVE
[CURVE]
{ disp    force}
0.0   0.0
2.0   1.0
4.0   2.0
6.0   3.0
8.0   4.0
10.0   5.0
20.0   6.0
30.0   7.0
40.0   8.0
50.0   9.0