# Sine-Sweep on Random Fatigue Analysis

Sine-sweep on random vibration is a superposition of swept sinusoidal vibration on random vibration. It is considered as a series of single sine tones on top of random vibration.

## Damage Calculation

Damage calculation due to sine-sweep on random vibration is a similar procedure to regular random vibration fatigue (Refer to Random Response Fatigue Analysis), with some noted differences.

The vibration is considered as a series of single sine tones on top of random vibration. During sine-sweep, consider the time duration T, as the time that is spent moving from one frequency to another. Numerically, T is determined by sweep rate (SR) on a FATLOAD Bulk Data Entry and DF (or NF) on the SWEEP continuation line on a FATPARM Bulk Data Entry.

Damage is estimated for each time duration T, which is spent sweeping across a particular frequency. For each T, the spectral moments can be calculated as:(1)
${m}_{n}=\sum _{k=1}^{N}{f}_{k}^{n}{G}_{k}\delta f+\frac{1}{2}f{A}^{2}$
Where,
${f}_{k}$
Frequency values for random vibration.
${G}_{k}$
Stress PSD response value at frequency ${f}_{k}$ .
$N$
Number of frequencies in stress PSD.
$A$
Stress amplitude due to the single sine tone assumed during the time duration T.

The total damage per sweep due to the swept sine tone on random vibration is the summation of damages during each time duration.

D = D1 during T1 + D2 during T2 + D3 during T3, and so on across the entire sweep.

## Input

A random response analysis and a frequency response analysis are underlying subcases for sine-sweep on random fatigue. In a particular FATEVNT entry, a FATLOAD referencing the random response analysis and another FATLOAD referencing a frequency response analysis should be specified to activate sine-sweep on random fatigue.

The FATLOAD data referencing the frequency response analysis should also contain the SWEEP continuation line along with the sweep rate (SR) and the sweep rate unit (SRUNIT).

As an example, consider SUBCASE 10 is a random analysis subcase, and SUBCASE 20 is a frequency response analysis subcase. The following setup showcases how sine-sweep on random fatigue is activated:
FATLOAD,100,,10
FATEVNT,1000,100,200